Known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV is a type of virus that directly causes AIDS. Your body has its immunity that works like a defense system and protects you from various illnesses, diseases, bacteria and viruses or any other microscopic organism that might cause you to feel ill. Even though your immune system can control and cope with most of the viruses, that is not the case with the HIV virus.
That is because this virus directly targets your entire immune system causing it to fail and collapse, leaving your entire body unprotected. By infecting your immune system cells, all illnesses and germs are free to attack your body. Those particular immune system cells are also known as T-cells or CD4 cells and they belong to a special type of Leucocytes or white blood cells. Since the body can’t protect itself, there is no other natural way to control the virus from deteriorating your immune system than to take a proper medication.
Eventually, HIV takes over your white blood cells, causing them to produce countless virus copies and in that process, your white blood cells are dying away. The more cells die, the weaker your immune system gets, causing your entire organism to collapse and crash. It is a way how HIV hacks your T-cells in order to copy itself onto your immune system, taking its role. That is how HIV causes AIDS.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome falls under the most advanced HIV stage, where the infection spreads over the entire immune system. If the immune system loses enough white blood cells, your body starts developing deadly infections which can cause death in the worst case scenario. Once HIV causes AIDS, there is no stopping it and in almost all cases, the patient dies of the health consequences.
The infections severely weaken the body causing its deterioration and unfortunately, there is little we can do about it. If a person gets infected by HIV, the infection symptoms usually start showing after two weeks. The most common symptoms are rash, extreme tiredness, headache, muscle aches, night sweats, swollen glands and fever. In some cases, years can pass before people start showing symptoms and most of the time they are not aware of being infected at all. The only way to make sure is to take an HIV test and find out.